Assessment of potentialities of the district by developing data base

 

Land utilization

           

            Based on agro-climatic conditions, Anantapur district falls in scarce rainfall zone of Andhra Pradesh. The district has been divided into three revenue divisions consisting of 63 revenue mandals. The soils of Anantapur district comprise 87.4% of red soils, 12.5% black cotton soils, and 0.1% problematic soils. Major crops area wise are 86% groundnut, 3.3% paddy and 10.7% other crops. The major crop is groundnut grown in 7.0 lakh ha in red soils under rainfed conditions.

 

The total geographical area of the district is 19.13 lakh ha. The net area sown is 9.70 lakh ha which forms 51% of total area. The total cropped area is 10.16 lakh ha. The area sown more than once is just 0.39 lakh ha. The cultivable area of the district is 10.15 lakh ha of which 8.69 lakh ha is under kharif and 1.45 lakh ha is under rabi season. Groundnut is the main crop with 7.5 lakh ha which is purely rainfed in kharif season.

 

Out of the gross irrigated area of 1.72 lakh ha, canals account for 19.3%, tanks 3.2%, wells, tube wells 39.6% and other sources 37.9%.  

 

 

The irrigation sources in the district are TBHLC, guntakal branch canal, BT project, upper pennar project, chennarayaswamy gudi project, tanks, bores, wells and filter point. 

 

Farming situation in Anantapur district

 

 

S. No

Name of the farming situation

Area (ha)

Percent (%)

1

Canal irrigated black soils                    

7799

0.81

2

Canal irrigated red soils                      

21117

2.17

3

Tank irrigated black soils                   

4835

0.49

4

Tank irrigated red soils                       

18432

1.90

5

Well irrigated black soils                     

7921

0.81

6

Well irrigated red soils                       

80540

8.30

7

Rain fed black soils                             

110047

11.3

8

Rain fed red soils                                

718335

74.1

9

Problematic soils                               

190

0.01

 

Total                                              

969216

100

 

Rainfall         

            Anantapur district is the second lowest rainfall receiving district in the nation with a normal rainfall of 552 mm per annum out of which 57% is South West Monsoon (June to September) and 30% is from North East Monsoon (October to December).  Excess rainfall during vegetative period and harvesting stage of the crop leads to low yields of groundnut and low temperatures prevailed during flowering and heavy incidence of heliocoverpa and maruca pod borer leads to crop damage during this year.

 Cumulative Rainfall (mm) from May 2012 to April 2013 

Period

Rain fall (mm)

% Deviation

No. of rainy days

Status

Normal

Actual

May, 2012

39.6

32.0

-17.6

04

Deficit

June, 2012

72

14.2

-80.3

01

Scanty

July, 2012

67.4

58.7

26.8

05

Normal

August, 12

88.7

109.1

22.9

05

Excess

September ,12

118.4

20.5

-27.9

01

Deficit

October, 2012

110.7

54.1

- 10.2

04

Normal

November, 2012

34.1

62.1

78.9

04

Excess

December, 2012

9.9

4.5

-64.8

0

Deficit

January, 13

1.6

0

-100

0

Deficit

February, 13

1.3

0

-100

0

Deficit

March, 2013

3.3

0

-100

0

Deficit

April, 2013

12.8

10.2

-20.3

1

Deficit

 

 =SUM(ABOVE) 559.8

 =SUM(ABOVE) 365.4

-34.7

 =SUM(ABOVE) 25

Deficit

 

Soils

 

            The soils in Anantapur district are predominantly red except Kanekal, Bommanahal, Vidapanakal, Uravakonda, Vajrakarur, Guntakal, Gooty , Pamidi, Peddavadugur, Yadiki, Tadipatri, Yellanur, Peddapappur and Putlur mandals.  In these mandals soils are red and black almost in equal proportion.  Thus, red soils constitute 76% of the area while black soils are predominant in 24% area of the district.   

 

Soil type

 

S. No   

Soil type

Characteristics

Area in ha

1

Red Soils

1.      Clay content low.

2.      Water  Holding Capacity low.

3.      Shallow depth.

4.    Nutrients are low

875196 (87.4%)

2

Black soils

1.      Clay content high.

2.      Water  Holding Capacity high.

3.      Shallow depth to deep.

4.    Nutrients medium.

125830 (12.5%)

3

Problematic soils

1.    Saline or alkaline soils

2.    Needs reclamation

190 (0.1%)

 

 

Anantapur district at a glance

 

Geographical area

19130 sq.km

Cultivable area

10.15 lakh/ha

Revenue mandals

63

Municipalities and Towns

11

Gram Panchayats

1005

Revenue villages

964

Number of assembly constituencies

14

Number of Parliament constituencies

02